The infrastructure imperative: Hard lessons about the importance of soft infrastructure
Infrastructure is most commonly considered tangible. In other words, transportation, utility and related projects necessary to make places — most especially cities — function effectively and reliably.
In many realms, though, intangible infrastructure is as — if not more — important than the tangible. To create a great place, superior hard property infrastructure is necessary, but not sufficient. Also needed is superior soft property infrastructure.
Places with superior soft property infrastructure have several primary attributes:
• Institutional arrangements that facilitate market function and transactions.
• Competence, as evidenced by professional service providers, builders and developers, in