Arizona has seen its population increase and its water use decrease over the past several decades — how was this accomplished? Is there more room for this trend to continue?
Contrary to common knowledge, Arizona has in fact been growing its population and economy for years and years, while total statewide water use has been declining. Water use in Arizona was increasing until 1980 when the pivotal Groundwater Management Act (GMA) was passed. The GMA created the Arizona Department of Water Resources (ADWR) and provided a complex framework of laws, rules, management plans, and policies that has ensured smart water management practices are undertook by all sectors.